DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0586.5.92.2011.143238

Combined regional anesthesia during vaginal hysterectomy, colpoperineorrhaphy with levatoroplasty

R.P. Chaplynskyi, V.M. Panov, R.A. Safonov, A.V. Omelchenko-Seliukova

Abstract


The article presents original approach to anesthesia during vaginal hysterectomy with plasty. Nowadays, indications for vaginal hysterectomy are: the elderly age, morbid obesity, complete uterine prolapse, somatic condition of the patient, which allows for the operation. In order to prevent intraoperative and postoperative complications, it is very important to provide the patient with the most effective and safe method of anesthesia, which will minimize the use of analgesics during the surgery and in the early postoperative period. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of intraoperative and postoperative anesthesia when methods of regional anesthesia (subarachnoid anesthesia + caudal analgesia) are combined with ultrasound during vaginal hysterectomy with plasty. Combined regional anesthesia (spinal anesthesia + caudal analgesia) using ultrasound support was performed in 32 patients. Caudal block with visualization of the epidural space by means of ultrasound scanner allows it to be applied to almost all patients with nearly 100 % of success. The quality of anesthesia was determined by the well-being of the patients themselves, who noted the adequacy of anesthesia and comfort on the operating table and in the postoperative period. Pain relief after surgery was carried out without opioids. The caudal epidural block with visualization of the epidural space and determination of its width by means of ultrasound scanner allows using it in almost all patients to whom it was indicated. The exceptions are patients with anatomical defects of sacrum formation. Professional training does not take much time and was mastered by all, without exception, doctors from anesthesiology department. The scheme of combined regional anesthesia shows advantages over general anesthesia and isolated subarachnoid anesthesia in these groups of patients.

Keywords


caudal analgesia; ultrasound support; introitus canalis sacralis; pelvis; visualization of the epidural space

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