DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0586.3.98.2019.165478

Feasibility of use and informative value of SNIPER® 10, a multipurpose drug urine test, at the hospital stage in children with acute infectious pathology

V.A. Mischenko, M.A. Heorhiiants, V.A. Korsunov, M.B. Pushkar, N.S. Porosha, H.A. Stepnova, D.Yu. Matsak

Abstract


In recent years, there has been a clear upward trend in the use of psychoactive synthetic substances — cannabinoids. The consequences of taking psychoactive substances are very severe and dangerous, as they can cause dysfunction of the internal organs, the nervous system and lead to persistent disintegration of personality. The low price of synthetic drugs, availability and “advertising” of their use attracts the attention of adolescents. Therefore, consumption of synthetic drugs by them is spreading with great speed. As evidenced by the data of our review of the literature, in modern domestic scientific works there is no information regarding the incidence and features of the clinical course of synthetic marijuana poisoning in children in Ukraine. However, the issue of clinical signs and effects of poisoning with synthetic narcotic substances in children receives much more attention in foreign publications. Currently, the most specific clinical symptoms occurring after the use of synthetic cannabinoids are well-known. It is worth noting that the symptoms of children poisoning with synthetic drugs can be various and unpredictable, since the drug that is used is a cocktail of various chemical agents. That is why the lack of knowledge of the clinical course of drug poisoning in children among doctors who were not trained in addiction medicine leads to the erroneous preliminary diagnosis, waist of time for carrying out expedient intensive care, significantly increases the financial costs associated with prescription of expensive laboratory and instrumental studies, and increases the risk of lethal consequences. In this article, we present some experience with the use of the SNIPER® 10 express test in children admitted to an infectious hospital.

Keywords


children; infectious pathology; synthetic marijuana; poisoning; test system SNIPER® 10; clinical case

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