Gender-sensitive assessment of quality of life in children with urinary catheter
Background: to carry out gender-sensitive analysis of quality of life in children with urinary catheter. Materials and methods. Sixty patients aged 8–12 years were selected, they were treated in the intensive care unit of Municipal Non-Profit Enterprise “Lviv Regional Children’s Clinical Hospital “OHMATDYT”. The patients were divided into groups: group 1 — boys with urinary catheter (n = 20); group 2 — boys without urinary catheter (n = 10); group 3 — girls with urinary catheter (n = 20); group 4 — girls without urinary catheter (n = 10). Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (2014), a translated and adapted questionnaire, was used to assess quality of life in children aged 8–12 years. Results. The lowest total quality of life score was in group 1 — 24.1 ± 3.7 (p ≤ 0.05). In the other three groups, the total quality of life score according to the questionnaire was higher: in group 2 — 30.1 ± 8.3; in group 3 — 28.3 ± 8.0; in group 4 — 29.9 ± 8.1 (p ≥ 0.05). The analysis of the components of the psychological state of children with urinary catheter has shown that quality of life in terms of emotional functioning and school activity was significantly lower in group 1 (13.3 ± 3.8 and 14.0 ± 3.9, respectively; p ≤ 0.05) compared to the other three groups. Conclusions. The presence of urinary catheter decreases the quality of life in boys more significantly than in girls due to the deterioration of their psychological status.
Full Text:PDF (Українська)
Винярская И.В. Качество жизни детей как критерий оценки состояния здоровья и эффективности медицинских технологий (комплексное медико-социальное исследование): автореф. дис. на соискание науч. степени д-ра мед. наук: спец. 14.00.33 «Общественное здоровье и здравохранение». М., 2009. 45 с.
Wysocki T., Gavin L. Paternal involvement in the management of pediatric chronic diseases: associations with adherence, quality of life, and health status. J. Pediatr. Psychol. 2006. Vol. 31. № 5. P. 501-511.
Баранов А.А. Изучение качества жизни детей — важнейшая задача современной педиатрии. Российский педиатрический журнал. 2005. № 5. С. 30-34.
Белоусов Д.Ю. Качество жизни, связанное со здоровьем детей: обзор литературы. Качественная клиническая практика. 2008. № 2. С. 28-38.
Upton P. Parent-child agreement across child health-related quality of life instruments: a review of the literature. Qual. Life Res. 2008. Vol. 17. № 6. P. 895-913.
Varni J.W. The pediatric quality of life inventory: measuring pediatric health-related quality of life from the perspective of children and their parents. Pediatr. Clin. North Am. 2009. Vol. 56. № 4. P. 843-863.
Davis E. The relationship between proxy reported health-related quality of life and parental distress: gender differences. Child. Care Health Dev. 2008. Vol. 3. № 6. P. 830-837.
Copyright (c) 2020 EMERGENCY MEDICINE
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
© Publishing House Zaslavsky, 1997-2020