Persistent inflammation, immunosuppression and catabolism syndrome: mechanisms of sarcopenia and ways of correction
Keywords:sarcopenia, inflammation, catabolism, nutrition
Due to advances in intensive care, many patients with severe pathology are discharged from intensive care units. However, prolonged mild degree inflammation persists in some patients, recovery is protracted, and chronic critical illness develops in them. In addition, persistent inflammation, immunosuppression and catabolism arise. In 2012, this condition was identified as a separate syndrome, which can be observed after severe trauma and burns, sepsis, necrotizing pancreatitis. Significant loss of muscle mass that is difficult to correct is one of the leading clinical manifestations in this case. Using literature from the MEDLINE database, modern ideas about the mechanisms of sarcopenia in the persistent inflammation, immunosuppression and catabolism syndrome and possible ways of optimal anabolic support are described.
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