DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0586.3.66.2015.79364

Features of Acute Pesticide Poisonings in Urban Area

N.V. Kurdil, I.S. Zozulia, O.V. Ivashchenko

Abstract


This article provides an overview of acute pesticide poisoning incidence among the Kyiv population for the 1993–2013 period. Forty four cases of acute pesticide poisonings in adults (insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, rodenticides) were retrospectively studied. The patients were treated in Poison Control Center of the Kyiv Clinical Emergency Hospital. The structure of pesticide poisoning and its dynamics for 20 years were studied. The authors studied the causes of acute pesticides poisoning (non-organophosphates) among the urban population, the clinical picture of poisoning with carbamates, pyrethroids and neonicotinoids was described. The basic principles of diagnosis and intensive therapy of pesticides poisoning were proposed.


Keywords


pesticides; organophosphates; carbamates; pyrethroids; neonicotinoids; acute poisoning

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