The Dynamics of Inflammation Markers in Patients after Valve Replacement

O.М. Кlygunenko, V.V. Yarovenko


Aim: to assess the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass on the levels of inflammatory markers and identify their diagnostic value for the early postoperative period in adult patients after cardiac surgery. Material and methods. The study, designed as an open one included 37 patients with abnormal heart valves, which were operated under cardiopulmonary bypass. The automatic hematology analyzer was used to count blood. Intoxication leukocyte index was calculated by the formula of Kalf-Caliph. Cytokine levels (IL-1α, IL-6, TNF-α, ­IL-10) in serum were determined by enzyme immunoassay control points: before surgery; after cardiopulmonary bypass; 24 hours after surgery. Results. Extracorporeal circulation and operative trauma activate a systemic inflammatory response that manifests as leukocytosis, increased levels of cytokines IL-6, IL-10 and IL-1α. There was determined the positive correlation between the amount of white blood cells after cardiopulmonary bypass and mortality, blood serum concentration of IL-6 and aortic cross-clamping time, the index IL-6/IL-10 and duration of cardiopulmonary bypass.


cardiopulmonary bypass; cardiac surgery; cytokines; systemic inflammatory response


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