The endothelium is the main target of coronavirus infection


  • M.V. Bondar Shupyk National University of Healthcare of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • M.M. Pilipenko Shupyk National University of Healthcare of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • O.A. Loskutov Shupyk National University of Healthcare of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine



COVID-19, endothelium, coagulopathies, fibrinolysis, low molecular weight heparins, unfractionated heparin, review


Background. The world currently has a wealth of clinical experience in the treatment of SARS-Co-2. However, more and more work is emerging that opens up new data on the manifestations of this viral disease and its consequences, which can affect both the change in its clinical picture and the quality of life of patients with COVID-19. Therefore, this work was aimed to summarize the results of literature research and our experience of intensive care of endothelial dysfunction in coronavirus infection. Material and methods. The work is based on the results of a study on the Internet search engines Google and PubMed, with the keywords: intensive care SARS-CoV-2, pathophysiological changes in coronavirus infection, endothelial dysfunction. Results. This review presents the pathogenetic links of COVID-19, mechanisms of viral endothelial damage, mechanisms of hypercoagulopathy, the main directions of prevention and treatment of endothelial dysfunction. Conclusions. The examination convincingly showed that SARS-CoV-2 infection promotes the development of endotheliitis in various organs as a result of viral infection. The presence of COVID-19-induced endotheliitis can explain the systemic microcirculation disorders in various vascular channels and their clinical consequences.


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How to Cite

Bondar, M., Pilipenko, M., & Loskutov, O. (2022). The endothelium is the main target of coronavirus infection. EMERGENCY MEDICINE, 18(2), 13–19.



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